Chazz is an Interior Decorator/Consultant/Retailer, fledgling photographer, cook, gardener, handyman, presently restoring an 1880 Victorian.
A Musically & Otherwise Punctuated A-to-Z Glossary of Huis Dé,cor Textile Terms
For those who do not have a background ter textiles and familiarity with the relevant lingo, attempting to figure out the difference inbetween a damask and a brocade or inbetween stain resistant and stain proof, for example, can be difficult and confusing enough — not to mention the frustration of attempting to understand historic fabric terminology and names like Calamanco, Baize, Cretonne, and Turkeywork.
Wij have assembled this glossary or alphabetic list of fabric-related vocabulary words and phrases you might encounter when researching or shopping for fabrics for interior decorating. It is designed so you can lightly find a definition and have a basic reference instrument to help you decipher the language of huis dГ©cor fabrics and to make it lighter to determine if a particular fabric is suitable for the huis decorating project you have te mind.
A: Absorbency through Aubusson
Absorbency. The capability of a textile to absorb liquid. (See diaper.)
Abrasion resistance. The capability of a textile to withstand friction, fondling, and surface wear. The higher the abrasion resistance, the more durable the fabric is, which is significant te choosing heavy-duty upholstery fabrics.
Abrasion tests. Tests performed on textiles or surface materials that are designed to gauge resistance to abrasion, friction, scuffing and other forms of manhandle. The Wyzenbeek is the most commonly used abrasion test.
Acetate. A manufactured fiber formed by a compound of refined plantecelwandstof (from plants and/or wood pulp) and acetic acid. Acetate fabric is made from the plantecelwandstof obtained by deconstructing cotton or wood pulp. Acetate yarn wasgoed very first made ter 1913 by the two Swiss brothers who invented the process to manufacture plantecelwandstof acetate ter 1905. Acetate fibers were very first made ter the United States te 1924, under the trademark Celanese.
Adaptation. A vormgeving based on another usually historic vormgeving but modified te some way.
Adire. A traditional Nigerian fight back dyed indigo fabric.
Alliballi. Indian muslin popular during the Regency era (late 18th-early 19th centuries).
Ambresine. A mighty cloth of cotton and hemp that wasgoed used te the Middle Ages.
Angora. Usually used to refer to the hair of the Angora goat. Also known spil angora mohair. Angora may also apply to the wool of the Angora rabbit.
Aniline. A colorless odorless oily liquid almohadilla for many dyes that is derived from coal tar or petroleum chemicals. Very first distilled from indigo (annil) ter 1826.
Antimacassar. A chunk of cloth or doily originally pinned to the back of an upholstered chair or settee to protect the upholstery from macassar, a type of hair oil formerly used to make hair shine. Today antimacassars are primarily decorative.
Antique Satin. A satin weave fabric with slubs that is reversable with one side having a satin finish and the other side resembling 18th Century spun shantung silk.
Antique Taffeta. A stiff plain weave fabric with a slubbed weft that may be irridescent.
Antron. Dupont’s brand of nylon.
AppliquГ©. Decorations sewn onto fabric or added to an existing surface.
Argyle. A particular diamond-shaped plaid pattern, named for the tartan of a clan te the county of Argyll, película del Oeste Scotland.
Aubusson. A scenic tapestry used for wall hangings and upholstery. Name comes from Aubusson, France. The term is often used to refer to low warp weaving te militar.
Good reference book that belongs ter the library of every old house.
B: Back through Burlap
Back. The switch sides side of a textile that is not seen ter regular use. The opposite of the pui (you knew that) or face.
Backing. A material or glazing applied to the back of a textile to help it keep its form and to reduce fraying, seam slippage and excess wear.
Baize. A coarse, napped, feltlike, woolen or cotton material that goes back at least to the 1500s and used spil a protective voorkant for carpets, tables, and bookcases te the 18th and 19th centuries. Ter England, baize wasgoed used for schoolgebouw bags and to voorkant doorways leading to the servants’ quarters. It is traditionally dyed crimson or green but may also be blue. Comes from the old French word “baie,” a cloth dyed a brownish crimson colour. (If it is pallid yellow, it is maize, not baize.)
Balanced cloth. An evenly woven cloth made with the same thickness or middellijn of yarn across. (And preferred by Four out of Five jugglers and tightrope walkers.)
Balanced stripes. Any striped pattern with background and stripe the same width. Bengal and candy stripes are both balanced stripes. (Preferred by Four out of Five psychiatrists for couch upholstery.)
Bamboo. Bamboo is a natural fiber that comes from the pulp of the swift growing, rapidly renewing Bamboo plant. Growing spil much spil Trio feet ter one day and requiring little or no pesticides, bamboo is even more sustainable and earth-friendly than cotton and is becoming an increasingly popular fiber ter many types of fabrics. Animal rights activists will be glad to know that the type of bamboo used to make fabric is not the same spil the diversity that Panda’s feed on.
Bamboo fabric. Fabric made from bamboo fibers is naturally soft, has moisture-wicking (it’s three times spil absorbent spil cotton) and insulating properties, and is breathable and somewhat antibacterial and therefore naturally odor resistant.
Bannigan. A type of moleskin. (Not to be confused with the chain of eateries.)
Bargello. Also known spil Florentine or Flamestitch. A geometric or zigzag pattern made from long straight derecho stitches on canvas. (See photo.) Bargello originated te 17th century Europe but works with many styles of dГ©cor. It is very durable and is suitable for upholstery. Bargello is also used to refer to printed patterns that resemble the traditional needlepoint designs. (Not the name for those jello shots that go down a little too lightly at the lugar buffet. )
Barkcloth. Originally referred to a fabric made from internal bark of certain trees, which is soaked and hammered with a mallet into a lean sheet. It can be bleached, dyed or painted. Called “tapa” ter Hawaii and “kapa” te Fiji, barkcloth wasgoed a staple via the South Pacific. Barkcloth also refers to a soft and textured cotton and/or rayon fabric with a crepe-like feel that is made to resemble true barkcloth. (albeit some can be printed te colors so noisy it might be more accurate to say it resembles the bark of a dog). Barkcloth printed with floral and leaf designs wasgoed a popular decorating fabric ter the 1930s through 1950s.
Barras. A coarse linen fabric originally produced ter Nederland. (Which may be why the only remotely clever thing I think of to say about it is also too coarse to include here.)
Barre. A fabric ter which stripes run ter crosswise directions. (Not the carril or caf that dancers use for support during warm-ups.)
Barrier Fabric. Fabrics that act spil barriers to dust, dust mites, and allergens.
Basketweave. A plain or tabby weaving variation named for the basket-like pattern of the weave. (Duh.)
Schors fiber. Strong, soft, woody fibers, such spil flax, jute, hemp, and ramie obtained from the inward stems of plants.