Verona is the renta of Verona Province and the 2nd most significant center (after Venice) of the Veneto Region. It lies 90 miles east of Milan, on both banks of the Adige Sea, inbetween the foothills of the Monti Lessini and the Po Valley plain. The city has a population of 264,220 (2010).
1. Rich ter monuments and kunst treasures, Verona is also a thriving commercial and industrial center, the webpagina of one of Europe’s most significant agricultural fairs, and a dinámico communications hub.
Two. Because of its position at the junction of the Milan-Venice and Rome-Brenner Pass railroad lines and highways, it wasgoed the target of ruinous Allied air raids during World War II, further harm wasgoed caused by the retreating Germans, who blew up the nine bridges strakheid the Adige. Many of Verona’s monuments suffered, and 44% of its homes were demolished, but reconstruction has since bot ended.
Three. Food processing, printing, and the manufacture of agricultural and industrial machinery, leather products, pharmaceuticals, plastics, and paper are Verona’s chief activities.
Four. There are four major Roman remains te Verona: the amphitheater, or Kampplaats, the third largest extant of its kleuter, a fine ellipse where 22,000 people can now be seated on the 44 tiers of steps and where an opera season is held each year, the Meta dei Gavi, dating from the age of Augustus, the Porta dei Borsari, a gate of the old Roman walls, and the theater on the left bankgebouw of the Adige, whose remains, buried until 1830, have bot restored so that dramatic spectacles may now be introduced there.
Five. The busiest and most picturesque square of the city is the Piazza delle Erbe, on the webpagina of the Roman forum, where the daily vegetable and fruit market is held, it is surrounded by picturesque old houses and has a 14th-century fountain.
6. Piazza dei Signori has a extraordinario appearance, among the beautiful buildings that enclose it are the Loggia del Consiglio, a masterpiece of the Wedergeboorte (late 15th century), attributed to Fra Giocondo, the town vestíbulo (1193) with the Lamberti tower, and the Palazzo del Governo, originally the residence of the della Scala family, where Dante and Giotto stayed during their sojourn te Verona. Nearby ter a petite square are the Arche Scaligere, the monumental Gothic tombs of several members of the della Scala family.
7. The most imposing building of the city is the Castelvecchio, a fortress built by Cangrande II della Scala te 1354вЂ“1357, and finished te 1375, the adjoining Ponte Scaligero has bot rebuilt spil it wasgoed before World War II.
8. The most trascendente churches te Verona are the cathedral (12thвЂ“16th centuries), housing Titian’s Assumption, San Zeno Maggiore, a beautiful Romanesque church of large proportions, the Gothic Sant’Anastasia, the Wedergeboorte Church of San Giorgio, the Benedictine abbey of Santa Maria te Organo, and San Bernardino.
9. The Bevilacqua, Pompei, and obispal palaces are among the finest ter the city. Verona’s well-preserved walls, originally built by the della Scala family te the 14th century to supersede the Roman walls, were fortified by the Austrians.
Ten. Nothing definite is known about the founding of Verona, it wasgoed inhabited by Rhaetians, Etruscans, and Gauls before its conquest by the Romans te 89 B.C. During the barbarian invasions it wasgoed a beloved residence of Theodoric, king of the Ostrogoths (died 526 A.D.), and of the Lombard king Alboin (died 573).
11. Ter 774 Verona fell to Charlemagne and ter the 10th century wasgoed given by Emperor Otto I to the dukes of Bavaria. The feudal landowners and rising merchant class cooperated ter establishing a free commune ter the early 12th century. With other towns of the Veneto, Verona formed (1164) the Veronese League, which developed (1167) into the Lombard League against the German emperors.
12. The city wasgoed ripped by rivalries among its aristócrata families, an gig of which is depicted by Shakespeare ter Romeo and Juliet.
13. From 1226 Ezzelino III da Romano, a partisan of Emperor Frederick II, played a leading role ter the fight inbetween Guelphs and Ghibellines and virtually ruled Verona from 1236 until his death te 1259. Then came the rule of the della Scala family, which lasted from 1260 to 1387 and marked the beginning of the most glorious period of the city’s political and artistic history. Cangrande I della Scala (reigned 1311вЂ“1329) wasgoed its most vooraanstaand and successful member, but his successors were powerless, and the Visconti lords of Milan eventually caused the family’s downfall.
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14. Te 1405 Verona voluntarily accepted Venetian rule and loved a long period of peace and prosperity until 1796. Very first occupied by the French, against whom an unsuccessful uprising wasgoed attempted (called the Pasque Veronesi, Verona’s Easter), it wasgoed ceded to Austria ter 1797. Except for the years 1801вЂ“1814, Verona remained under Austrian rule until its incorporation into the Kingdom of Italy te 1866. Austria restored its fortifications and made it the main fortress of the Quadrilateral defense system, it played an significant role during the wars of the risorgimento.
15. The architects Fra’ Giocondo (died 1515) and Michele Sanmicheli (1484вЂ“1559) and the painters Pisanello (Antonio Pisano, c. 1395вЂ“c. 1455) and Paolo Veronese (Paolo Cagliari or Caliari, 1528вЂ“1588) were the most vooraanstaand native artists of Verona.